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九龍連城—龍崗“三館一城”片區天橋設計 | 坊城設計

坊城設計 2021-08-05
原創
  • 項目名稱:
    龍崗“三館一城”片區天橋設計
  • 項目地點:
    深圳市龍崗區
  • 項目規模:
    21000m2
  • 設計公司:
  • 委托方:
    深圳萬科&萬科城市研究院
  • 建成時間:
    2021
  • 圖片來源:
    曾天培

項目背景

Project background


龍崗“三館一城”片區作為深圳市政府提出的軌道交通、公交和慢行系統網絡融合的試點片區,通過對土地開發條件進行約束,規定開發主體必須在0.8平方公里的范圍內規劃并實施“三網融合”的交通出行體系。

As a pilot area for the network integration of rail transit, bus and slow traffic system proposed by Shenzhen Municipal Government, the "Three Pavilions and One City" area in Longgang stipulates that the major developers must plan and implement the "Tri-Network Integration" transportation system within the scope of 0.8 square kilometers through the restriction of land development conditions.


▼項目區位圖

Location ?坊城設計

項目區位圖.jpg


坊城設計與萬科城市研究院一起合作,規劃、設計并實施這一體系,在龍崗中心城區共設置9座天橋以及沿街風雨連廊,串聯地鐵站、公交站、商業以及住宅區,將原本孤立封閉的城市功能組團立體地連接在一起,實現了全天候立體便捷通行的立體網絡。目前部分節點已經建成投入使用。

FCHA collaborates with Vanke Urban Research Institute to plan, design and implement the system, a total of 9 overpasses and weatherproof corridors along the street are set up in the central urban area of Longgang, connecting subway stations, bus stations, businesses and residential areas, which has the originally isolated and closed urban functional groups connected together in a three-dimensional way, which realizes the all-weather three-dimensional and convenient traffic network.


▼項目規劃圖

Master Plan ?坊城設計

項目規劃圖.jpg



設計概念

Design concept


為了實現城市中的立體連接,天橋需要通過轉彎,延伸、起伏和放大,靈活適應場地,即在同一個底層邏輯的基礎上通過變異和生長來適應不同的設計條件。《九龍圖》帶來的啟示也是如此,同為龍的形象,其在不同的位置呈現和突出了不同的重點。

In order to achieve a three-dimensional connection in the city, overpasses need to adapt flexibly to the site by turning, extending, undulating and zooming in, that is to adapt to different design conditions through variation and growth on the basis of the same underlying logic. The enlightenment brought by the Nine Dragons Picture is also the same. The image of the dragon presents and highlights different emphases in different positions.


▼九龍圖

Nine Dragons Picture ?南宋 陳容

九龍圖-南宋 陳容.jpg


中國傳統舞龍的制作工藝也為標準化模塊設計帶來了靈感,通過單一標準元素的旋轉、復制和整列等方式可以得到豐富的整體形態。

The craft of traditional Chinese dragon dance also brings inspiration to the standardized module design. A rich overall form can be obtained through the rotation, copy, arrangement and display of a single standard element.


▼舞龍制作 傳統工藝 

Dragon dance, traditional craft ?網絡

舞龍制作 傳統工藝.jpg


以“龍”為靈感,結合天橋所處不同位置、不同的流線橋型會有所不同,整個慢行系統9座天橋使用了4種不同類型的橋型。

With "dragon" as inspiration, combined with different locations of the overpasses, different streamline types will be different, four different types of bridges are used in the nine overpasses of the slow traffic system


▼三網融合體系圖

Tri-network integration system diagram ?坊城設計
三網融合體系圖.jpg


現一號橋、二號橋、三號橋已建成,其余橋體待建中。

Now Bridge 1, Bridge 2, Bridge 3 have been completed, the rest of the bridges to be built.


▼4種天橋類型

4 types of bridges ?曾天培

4種天橋類型.jpg



類型一:旋轉橋

Type 1: Rotating bridge


對于需要在平面上產生曲線變化的情況,我們設計了可以轉彎的旋轉橋。橋體采用標準框架,間隔布置,可以適應平面路線的變化,同時形體構架在行進線路上進行扭轉,形成獨特的空間體驗。為了更舒適的出行體驗,橋體表面覆蓋ETFE半透膜材,并在頂部設置自動噴霧裝置進一步降溫。LED燈帶鑲嵌在金屬框架凹槽內,夜景逐個亮起的燈光更凸顯橋體的動感。目前實施的一號橋連接吉祥地鐵站出入口與天譽住宅區二樓公共走廊。

For cases where curves need to be changed in the plane, we design a rotating bridge that can turn. The bridge body adopts a standard frame and is arranged at intervals to adapt to the changes of the plane route. Meanwhile, the body frame twists on the route to form a unique space experience. For a more comfortable travel experience, the surface of the bridge is covered with ETFE semi-permeable membrane, and an automatic spray device is installed on the top to further cool the bridge. The LED lights are embedded in the grooves of the metal frame, and the light that lights up at night highlights the dynamic of the bridge. Currently under construction, Bridge No. 1 connects the entrance and exit of Jixiang Metro Station with the public corridor on the second floor of Tianyu Residential Area.


▼1號橋鳥瞰

Aerial view of Bridge No. 1 ?曾天培

1號橋鳥瞰圖.jpg

▼可以轉彎的旋轉橋

The rotating bridge that can turn ?曾天培

1號橋街景圖 2.jpg

1號橋街景圖.jpg

▼橋體表面覆蓋ETFE半透膜材

The surface of the bridge is covered with ETFE semi-permeable membrane ?曾天培

1號橋橋面人視 2.jpg

1號橋橋面人視.jpg

▼扭轉的框架

Twisted frame ?曾天培

1號橋橋面視圖.jpg

▼有韻律感的橋下空間

Rhythmic space under the bridge ?曾天培

1號橋橋底視圖.jpg

▼細部

Details ?曾天培

1號橋結構細節.jpg

▼1號橋構件剖面 

Bridge No. 1 detail section ?坊城設計

1號橋構件剖面 .jpg

▼1號橋剖面

Section of Bridge No. 1 ?坊城設計

1號橋剖面.jpg 


類型二:延展橋 

Type 2:  Extension bridge


對于直線布局的天橋我們設計了一個具有無限延展趨勢的橋型,橋面兩側錯位起伏的曲線改善了直線橋體的單調感,讓行進的過程中產生更多的視線變化,體驗更為有趣。覆蓋在網殼上的面板材料尺寸標準但材料各有不同,由穿孔板、實體板、玻璃組成,從下到上依次排布,保證行人的視野、采光的同時也提供遮陽擋雨功能。整體幕墻表皮劃分為統一尺寸規格的面板,按照相同的扭轉角度拼裝而成,在面板的固定上,采用在鋼結構交點上防止造型夾具以固定面板。目前實施的3號橋位于龍崗中心區政府對面的主要城市道路龍翔大道連接了龍崗中心的幾個主要公共建筑,包括世貿百貨以及龍崗三館一城(科技館、青年宮、公共藝術博物館和書城)。

For the straight line overpass, we designed a bridge with an infinite trend of extension, the dislocated undulating curve on both sides of the bridge deck improves the monotony of the straight bridge body, making more changes in the line of sight during the journey and making the experience more interesting. The panel material covering the reclined shell is of standard size but different in material. It is composed of perforated plate, solid plate and glass, arranged successively from bottom to top to ensure the visual field of pedestrians. It also provides sunshade and rain function while lighting. The whole curtain wall is divided into panels of uniform size and specification, which are assembled according to the same torsion Angle. In the fixing of the panels, the steel structure intersection point is prevented from molding fixtures to fix the panels. The currently implemented No. 3 Bridge is located on Longxiang Avenue, a major urban road opposite the Longgang Central District Government, connecting several major public buildings in the center of Longgang, including the World Trade Department and the Three Pavillions and One City of Longgang (Science Museum, Youth Palace, Public Art Museum and Book City).


▼3號橋鳥瞰圖 

Aerial view of Bridge No. 3 ?曾天培

3號橋鳥瞰圖.jpg

▼3號橋頂視圖 

Top view of Bridge No. 3 ?曾天培

3號橋頂視圖.jpg

▼橋體具有無限延展趨勢

The bridge with an infinite trend of extension ?曾天培

3號橋局部視角1.jpg

▼覆蓋在網殼上的面板

The panel covering the reclined shell ?曾天培

3號橋局部視角2.jpg

▼細部

Details ?曾天培

3號橋節點細節 1.jpg

3號橋節點細節 2 .jpg

▼橋內空間

Inside space ?曾天培

3號橋橋面視角 1.jpg

3號橋橋面視角 2.jpg

▼3號橋材料

Materials of Bridge No. 3 ?坊城設計

3號橋材料.jpg

▼3號橋剖面

Section of Bridge No. 3 ?坊城設計

3號橋剖面.jpg



類型三:起伏橋 

Type 3: waving bridge


在現有城區內建設天橋有時候需要在垂直方向躲避障礙物,我們通過橋體骨架的起伏變化設計了一種在高度上可靈活變化的天橋,高低起伏的鋼框架等距整列,在需要避讓的位置降低高度,讓天橋可以在城市內靈活穿插。波浪起伏的韻律感也讓較長的線性同行空間變得更加愉悅。5、6號橋接時代廣場及龍城廣場地鐵站,橫跨龍城大道及龍崗河,串聯商業、公共交通,目前正在深化實施階段等。

In the existing urban area, Bridges sometimes need to avoid obstacles in the vertical direction. We designed a bridge that can be flexibly changed in height through the undulating changes of the bridge body skeleton. The undulating steel frames are arranged at equal distances, reducing the height where they need to be avoided, so that the Bridges can be flexibly intersected within the city. The undulating rhythm also makes longer, linear spaces more pleasant. Bridge No. 6 connects Times Square and Longcheng Square subway station, crosses Longcheng Avenue and Longgang River, connecting commerce and public transportation.


▼5&6號橋鳥瞰圖

Aerial view of Bridge No. 5&6 ?坊城設計

方案鳥瞰圖 1.jpg

56號橋方案鳥瞰圖2.jpg

▼6號橋軸測圖

Axonometric drawing of Bridge No. 6 ?坊城設計

6號橋軸測圖.jpg

▼6號橋剖透視

Sectional perspective of Bridge No. 6 ?坊城設計 

6號橋剖面關系.jpg



類型4:平臺橋

Type 4: Platform bridge


對于城市的高密度節點,橋不僅是立體通行的構筑物,而是可以成為豐富的城市生活場景的承托平臺,橋可以進行放大,從點、線進化為面,最終為城市帶來立體的空間體驗。“漂浮群島”二號連廊位于龍崗中心區政府旁,連接萬科廣場商業綜合體與世貿百貨廣場,天譽二期住宅區,商業步行街等,是一個連接多方平臺的二層景觀廊道,二層通廊空間建立一個都市性休閑場所來解決交通問題以及提升片區的品質。

For high-density nodes in cities, Bridges are not only three-dimensional structures, but also supporting platforms for rich urban life scenes. Bridges can be enlarged and evolve from points and lines to surfaces, finally bringing three-dimensional spatial experience to the city. The No.2 Connecting Corridor of "Floating Islands" is located next to the government of Longgang Central District, connecting Vanke Square commercial complex with World Trade Department Plaza, Tianyu Phase II residential area, commercial pedestrian street, etc. It is a second-floor landscape corridor connecting multiple platforms. The corridor space on the second floor establishes an urban leisure place to solve the traffic problem and improve the quality of the area. No. 2 Connecting Corridor has been released. For details, please click to see.


▼“漂浮群島”二號連廊平面

Plan of the No.2 Connecting Corridor of “Floating Islands” ?坊城設計

平面圖.jpg

▼“漂浮群島”二號連廊俯視圖

Top view of the No.2 Connecting Corridor of “Floating Islands” ?曾天培

2號橋俯視圖.jpg

▼鳥瞰

Aerial view ?曾天培

2號橋鳥瞰圖 1.jpg

2號橋鳥瞰圖 2.jpg

▼語林島

Yulin island ?曾天培

2號橋語林島.jpg

▼活力島

Vitality island ?曾天培

2號橋活力島.jpg

▼游樂島

Pleasure island ?曾天培

2號橋游樂島.jpg

▼水霧島

Spray island ?曾天培

2號橋水霧島.jpg

▼語林島夜景

Night view of the Yulin island ?曾天培

2號橋語林島夜景.jpg


九龍連城,用四種類型歸納九條天橋是我們對龍崗三館一城片區搭建立體步行系統的綜合策略。這些天橋具有可參觀,可復制,可快速建造的優點,亦可以根據場地的地形的變化做出快速回應。面對快速發展的城市化更新進程,這種多地塊聯合開發,步行系統立體化,將進一步發掘城市空間價值,對城市邁向更高的維度開發有著積極的意義。

Nine “dragons” connect the whole city together, that is, nine flyovers summarized by four types being our comprehensive strategy for building a three-dimensional pedestrian system in Longgang's “three halls and one city” district. These flyovers have the advantages of being visitable, replicable, and quick to build. They can also be quickly adaptive to changes in the topography of the district. Facing the rapid development of urbanization, this kind of multi-district joint development and three-dimensional pedestrian system will further explore the value of urban space and carry positive significance for the development of the city to a higher level.




項目信息

項目名稱:九龍連城 -龍崗“三館一城”片區天橋設計

建筑師或者建筑公司:坊城設計

公司網站:http://fcharchi.com

聯系郵箱:office@fcharchi.com; 183641509@qq.com

項目設計&完成年份:2017&2021

主管合伙人:陳澤濤、蘇晉樂夫、盧志偉

項目負責人:盧志偉

設計團隊:蔣文龍、余俊輝、梁志毅、余陳華、鄒禮鵬、周俊、黃立錦、劉元祎、雷振宏、封佳偉、吳昊

項目地址:深圳市龍崗區

攝影師:曾天培

前期規劃:萬科城市研究院

客戶:深圳萬科&萬科城市研究院

Project Name: LINK CITY WITH NINE DRAGON BRIDGES - Longgang Core Area Overpasses Design

Design Company: FCHA

Website: http://fcharchi.com

Contact e-mail: office@fcharchi.com; 183641509@qq.com

Design & Completion Year: 2017&2021

Architecture and Landscape Design: FCHA

Partner In Charge: Zetao Chen, Jinlefu Su, Zhiwei Lu

Project Manager: Zhiwei Lu

Design Team: Wenlong Jiang, Junhui Yu, Zhiyi Liang, Chenhua Yu, Lipeng Zou, Jun Zhou, Lijin Huang, Yuanwei Liu, Zhenhon Lei, Jiawei Feng, Hao Wu

Project Location: Longgang District, Shenzhen

Photo Credits: Tianpei Zeng

Planning: ICITY

Clients: Vanke (Shenzhen) & ICITY



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